- Ski Jumping
Ski Jumping basics
Here is a quick overview of ski jumping events, equipment and competition at the Sochi Games.
There are four ski jumping events on the 2014 Olympic program:
- Men's Normal hill (K95)
- Women's Normal hill (K95)
- Men's Large hill (K125)
- Men's Team event (K125)
The "K" refers to the K-point - the point on the respective hills that is used to calculate distance points awarded to jumpers. On the normal hill, the K-point is 95 meters from the takeoff, and on the large hill, the K-point is 125 meters from the takeoff.
The normal hill and large hill are both individual events, in which the competitor receiving the most points (awarded for a combination of distance and style) will win gold.
The team (K125) competition is contested on the large hill, with four jumpers per country. The nation with the highest cumulative score from all its combined jumps wins gold.
Men's Normal hill, large hill
Fifty (50) ski jumpers will compete in each of the individual events. The 10 top-ranked jumpers on the World Cup circuit (period: July 2013-January 2013) automatically qualify for the competition and have the option to skip the qualification jump, held a day prior to the competition. The remaining athletes must rank in the top 40 to qualify for the actual event. The scores do not carry over.
There are two rounds of jumps. The 40 non-ranked jumpers begin the round and are followed by the 10 pre-qualified jumpers. Only the top 40 jumpers in the first round advance to the second and final round. The starting order for the second round is in reverse order from the first round. The jumper with the highest combined score from the two rounds is the winner.
Women's Normal hill
Thirty (30) ski jumpers will compete in the normal hill event. There are two rounds, whoever has the most points in two rounds, wins the event.
In the team event - contested on the large hill - each of the 16 qualified teams is comprised of four jumpers and there are two competition rounds. In the first round, one jumper from each team jumps. The round rotates through each of the teams, so that each of the four jumpers has one attempt.
The top eight teams from the first round advance to the final round. The less proficient jumpers go first and the best jumpers go last. The order of jumps for each team's fourth member depends on the standings after three jumps. The team with the highest total score over all eight jumps wins.
Embedded owg_slideshow: The sights and scenes of ski jumping
Skis: Jumping skis are built specifically for ski jumping hills. The skis can have a maximum length of 146 percent of the total body height of the competitor and follow restrictions on the width, curvature and shape. Jumping skis are very light, but must have a minimum weight conforming to their length, in the ratio of 100 centimeters (39.37 inches) to 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds).
Bindings: The binding must be mounted parallel to the run-direction and must be placed so that a maximum of 57 percent of the entire ski length is before the bindings. They are meant to unfasten from the boots in case of a fall.
Boots: The boots used in ski jumping are designed to allow the skier to lean forward during the flight. They are high-backed, flexible yet firm with a low cut at the front.
Connection cord: The connection cord, which is part of the binding, attaches the ski to the boot and prevents the skis from wobbling during flight.
Suit: All portions of the ski jumping suit must be made of the same, spongy microfiber material and must show certain air permeability. The thickness of the suit may not exceed 5 millimeters (one-fifth of one inch). The suit must conform to the body's shape in an upright position, as a loose suit allows for greater resistance and longer flight.
Gloves: The inner side of most ski jumping gloves is made of goat leather, while the outer side must be made of the same microfiber material as the suit. They are fastened with a velcro tape around the wrist.
Helmet: Full head protection has been compulsory since the 1980's. The helmet improves aerodynamic flight and protects the head in case of a fall.
Goggles: All jumpers use eye protection to prevent tearing of the eyes.