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Bobsled 101: Glossary

Bobsled helmet
USA TODAY Sports

Bobsled 101: Glossary

Learn the language of bobsled

Brakeman

The last person to enter the sled at the start. Known as the brakeman because he or she is responsible for pulling the brake to stop the sled at the end of the run.

G-Force

Short for gravitational force. In bobsled, the strongest G-forces are generated going around severe turns. 

Heat

A single run down a bobsled track during a race. All Olympic bobsled races are four heats. Also known as a run.

IBSF

International Bobsled & Skeleton Federation. The international federation for the sport. 

Kreisel

German for circle. It refers to a curve that forms a circle by having the track cross itself.

Labryinth

A combination of three or four small curves with little or no straightaway between them.

Line

The fastest route down the track. A high line takes the sled close to the top lip of a turn, while a low line takes the sled closer to the bottom of a turn. 

Loading

When the athletes enter the sled after the push start.

Omega Curve

A large curves resembles the Greek letter Omega.

Runners

The solid pieces of steel on which the sled rides.

Pilot

The driver of the sled. Responsible for steering by controlling the runners. Usually the first person to enter the sled at the start. 

Push Athlete 

One of the two athletes in the middle of the sled in a four-man sled. They are responsible for helping to push the sled at the start of the race. 

Sled

The aerodynamic machine that bobsledders ride in. 

USABS

USA Bobsled & Skeleton. The national governing body for the sport in the United States. 

Bobsled

Everything you need to know about bobsled at the 2018 Olympics

Basics | Rules | Origins and Olympic history | Glossary | Equipment | Venue | Qualification

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