Artistic Swimming, formerly known as Synchronized Swimming, comprises two medal events:

  • Duet
  • Team (8 athletes per)

Both events feature choreographed routines set to music, with judged scoring based on synchronization, difficulty and other factors.

Duet Competition

A total of 22 duets (44 athletes total) will compete in the duet event in Tokyo.

Duet competition consists of two phases: a preliminary round and a final.

PRELIMINARY ROUND

In the preliminary, each duet completes two routines:

  • Technical routine
  • Free routine

The top 12 duets with the highest combined score at the end of the preliminary round will progress to the final. Scores from the technical routine carry over to the final.

FINAL

In the final, the top 12 duets compete only their free routine. The team with the highest combined score (preliminary round technical routine + final round free routine) will win the gold medal.

TIME LIMITS

  • The duet technical routine has a time limit of two minutes and 20 seconds (including deck work), with a plus/minus window of 15 seconds.
  • The duet free routine has a time limit of three minutes (including deck work), with a plus/minus window of 15 seconds.

Team Competition

A total of 10 teams (max of one per country) will compete in the team event in Tokyo. Each team includes eight athletes.

The team event consists only of a final. Each team performs both a technical routine and a free routine. The team with the highest combined score from both routines will win the gold medal.

TIME LIMITS

  • The team technical routine has a time limit of two minutes and 50 seconds (including deck work), with a plus/minus window of 15 seconds.
  • The team free routine has a time limit of four minutes (including deck work), with a plus/minus window of 15 seconds.

Judging

A total of 15 judges (divided into three panels of five judges) will score each routine.

Each panel is assigned to evaluate a different aspect of the routine.

In the technical routine, the three panels assess:

  • execution (30%)
  • impression (30%)
  • required elements (40%)

Each duet/team must complete the five required elements, each of which has an assigned degree of difficulty.

In the free routine, the three panels assess:

  • execution (30%)
  • impression (40%)
  • difficulty (30%)

Of the five scores in each of the three categories, the highest and lowest are dropped, and the remaining three scores count.

 

More information:

Official Tokyo site – Aquatics

Team USA – Artistic Swimming

International Swimming Federation