Eight diving events are contested at the Olympics (four individual events and four synchronized events). Four of the events take place on the three-meter springboard, while the other four are on the ten-meter platform.

Before each round, divers submit their list of selected dives (women perform five dives, men perform six).

There are six categories of dives:

  1. Forward: the diver faces the water and rotates forward
  2. Backward: the diver starts at the edge of the board/platform with their back facing the water and rotates backwards
  3. Reverse: the diver faces the water, but rotates backwards
  4. Inward: the diver starts at the edge of the board/platform with their back facing the water and rotates forwards towards the board/platform
  5. Twisting: any dive (forward, backward, reverse, inverse) that includes rotation
  6. Armstand (platform only): the diver starts by performing a handstand at the edge of the platform

A panel of judges scores each dive (seven judges for individual events, 11 judges for synchronized events).

  • For individual events: the two highest and two lowest of the seven judges’ scores are discarded and the sum of the remaining mark is multiplied by the degree of difficulty (DD) of the dive.
  • For synchronized events: Of the 11 total judges, three will rate one individual diver, three will rate the other individual diver, and the five others will rate the synchronization of the pair. The highest and lowest execution scores for each diver are eliminated, as are the highest and lowest synchronization scores. The sum of the remaining five judges’ scores are divided by 5, multiplied by 3 and then multiplied by the degree of difficulty (DD) of the dive.

Individual Events

All four individual events feature three rounds of competition: the preliminary round, the semifinal round (18 divers), and the final (12 divers).

A random draw is used to determine the order of divers in the preliminary round. The top 18 divers from the preliminary round (including all athletes tied for 18th place) progress to the semifinal. The top 12 divers from the semifinal (including ties for 12th place) progress to the final.

Scores do not carry over from round to round.

In the semifinal and final, divers compete in reverse order of their scores from the previous round (with the highest-scoring athlete from the previous round competing last).

The athlete with the highest score at the end of the final wins gold.

There is no process for breaking ties for medals. If multiple divers finish with the same score, they will share the same rank and multiple medals will be awarded.

MEN’S INDIVIDUAL EVENTS:

Men perform six dives in each round of competition.

In springboard: All five groups of dives – forward, backward, reverse, inward, and twisting – must be contested at least once.

In platform: All six groups of dives – armstand, forward, backward, reverse, inward, and twisting — must be contested.

WOMEN’S INDIVIDUAL EVENTS:

Women perform five dives in each round of competition.

In springboard: All five groups of dives – forward, backward, reverse, inward, and twisting – must be contested.

In platform: Five of the six groups – armstand, forward, backward, reverse, inward, and twisting — must be represented.

Synchronized Events

The four synchronized events feature only one round of competition: the final, which includes eight teams. The team with the highest score at the end of the final wins gold.

There is no process for breaking ties for medals. If multiple teams finish with the same score, they will share the same rank and multiple medals will be awarded.

MEN’S SYNCHRO EVENTS:

Men’s teams perform six dives. Two dives must have the assigned degree of difficulty of 2.0. The other four dives have no limit on degree of difficulty.

WOMEN’S SYNCHRO EVENTS:

Women’s teams perform five dives. Two dives must have the assigned degree of difficulty of 2.0. The other three dives have no limit on degree of difficulty.

 

More information:

Official Tokyo site – Aquatics

USA Diving

International Swimming Federation – Diving