Overview

Rhythmic gymnastics at the Tokyo Games will comprise two medal events: individual all-around and group all-around.

Individual All-Around

Qualification Round

26 participants compete on four apparatus (hoop, ball, clubs, ribbon)

Final

The top 10 athletes from the qualification round ranked by total number of points on the four apparatus advance to the final; scores do not carry over. Each athlete competes again on the four apparatus (hoop, ball, clubs, ribbon).

Timing

  • Routines last between 1 minute and 15 seconds and 1 minute and 30 seconds
  • If a gymnast goes over this time limit, points are deducted from her total score

Scoring

  • All-around scores are determined by adding the highest three out of four individual apparatus scores
  • Each athlete’s total score consists of an execution score and a difficulty score
  • There is a 10-point maximum on the execution score, but no maximum for the difficulty score (a total score of 21.5 is considered to be a good score; a 23 or 24 is in medal range at an international competition)
  • Ribbon scores are often lower than the other three apparatus due to the limited technical feats that athletes can perform on this particular apparatus

Tiebreaking

Qualification Round: If a tie in points occurs at any place in the Qualification Round for the All-Around Final, the ranking will be determined by the following criteria:

  1. The sum of the three highest apparatus scores (out of four total apparatus)
    Note: If there is still a tie, the sum of the two highest final apparatus scores is used
  2. The highest sum of E-scores on four apparatus
    Note (2a): If there is still a tie, add the highest sum of the E-scores on three best apparatus
    Note (2b): If there is still a tie following “Note (2a)”, add the highest sum of the E-scores on two apparatus
  3. The highest sum of the D-scores on four apparatus
    Note (3a): If there is still a tie, add the highest sum of the D-scores on three apparatus
    Note (3b): If there is still a tie after “Note (3a)”, add the highest sum of the D-scores on two apparatus

If there is still a tie following “Note (3b)”, the tie will not be broken

Final: If a tie occurs at any place during the All-Around Final, the ranking will be determined by the following criteria:

  1. The gymnast with the highest total E-score (which includes all four apparatus) prevails
  2. The gymnast with the lowest execution technical deductions for “ET” on four apparatus prevails
  3. The gymnast with the highest total D-score on four apparatus prevails

If there is still a tie following this third method of tie breaking, the tie will not be broken.

Women’s Group Competition

The group competition includes 14 teams (called “groups”). Each group includes five athletes.

Qualification Round

Groups perform two exercises (one with five balls and a second with three hoops and two pairs of clubs); groups are ranked by total number of points on these two exercises. The top eight groups advance to final.

Final

The top eight groups again perform two exercises.

*Note: There have been apparatus changes since Rio with exercise one now having one apparatus (five balls) and exercise two now having two apparatus (clubs and hoops). In Rio, the first exercise had five ribbons and the second exercise had three pairs of clubs and two hoops.

Timing

  • Group routines last between 2 minutes and 15 seconds and 2 minutes and 30 seconds
  • If a group goes over this time limit, points are deducted from the team’s score

Scoring

  • Each group’s total score consists of an execution score and a difficulty score
  • There is a 10-point maximum on the execution score, but no maximum for the difficulty score (a total score of 23-25 is common for top groups)

Tiebreaking

Qualification and Final: If a tie occurs at any place during group competition, the following criteria will be used:

  1. The group with the highest total E-score over the two exercises prevails
  2. The group with the lowest execution deductions or “ET” over the two exercises prevails
  3. The group with the highest D-score over the two exercise prevails

If there is still a tie following this third method of tie breaking, the tie will not be broken.

Judging and Penalties (Individual All-Around and Group Competition)

There are a total of 15 judges who rate the following criteria:

Number of Judges Judging Explanation
2 Difficulty body Judge the difficulty of body movements, which are divided into three groups: jumps/leaps, balance, and rotations
2 Difficulty apparatus Judge apparatus difficulty, which consists of how well the gymnast uses the apparatus within a standard or innovative movement
4 Execution technical Judge how well each skill is executed during a routine
2 Execution artistry Judge the ability of the gymnast to transform a routine into an artistic performance, including things like musicality and expression
2 Reference (Execution Technical) Judges who evaluate the performance based on the same criteria as the execution and execution artistry judges, but with increased decision weight if they strongly disagree with the panel
2 Line Determine crossing of a boundary either by an individual’s feet, body, and/or apparatus
1 Time Control timing during the exercise and record timing violations

The final score is the sum of the execution score and difficulty score (with the inclusion of penalties).

All penalty points are deducted from the gymnast’s total score. An example of a penalty would be stepping out of bounds (13 meter x 13 meter area) or not finishing a routine with the music. A full list of deductions will be in the manual.

More information:

Official Tokyo site – Gymnastics

USA Gymnastics

International Federation